Pain: Neuropathic &Inflammatory
|Human Pain: Neuropathic &
Inflammatory PCR Array
|The Human Pain: Neuropathic &
Inflammatory RT² Profiler PCR Array profiles the expression of 84 genes
involved in the transduction, maintenance, and modulation of pain
responses. Noxious environmental stimuli, tissue damage, and disease
all evoke pain. Since it afflicts up to 20% of the population at any
given time, pain provides both a massive therapeutic target and a route
to understanding the molecular mechanisms of nervous system function.
While neuropathic pain often results from damage to the peripheral
(PNS) or central nervous system (CNS), peripheral tissue damage and/or
inflammation generally initiates inflammatory pain. Neuropathic and
inflammatory pain both cause activation of damage-sensing neurons
(nociceptors) that innervate the skin, muscle and viscera and terminate
in the laminae of the spinal cord dorsal horn. Nociceptors conduct
information to the CNS via neurotransmission and action potentials
generated by ion channel and purinergic, opioid, and cannabinoid
receptors leading to second order neuron activation. Synaptic
transmission via glutamate, serotonin, and dopamine systems then
follows. The transduction by nociceptors can be modulated by mediators
of inflammation released by infiltrating immune cells and damaged
neurons. Excitability of spinal neurons is also modulated by activation
of resident microglia that release growth factors (such as BDNF),
chemokines, and cytokines. Endogenous opioid peptides and arachidonic
acid metabolites acting through G-protein coupled receptors also
modulate neuronal excitability. A number of these pathways are
currently being evaluated as potential pharmacological targets for
analgesic development for pain management. Using real time PCR,
research studies can easily and reliably analyze the expression of a
focused panel of genes associated with neuropathic and inflammatory
pain with this array.
The RT˛ Profiler PCR Arrays are
intended for molecular biology applications. This product is not
intended for the
diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of a disease.
96-well Plate, 384-well (4 × 96)
Plate, and 100-well Disc formats are available.
for cells, tissues, FFPE samples and small samples
Source References Modify this Array Gene Table
|Conduction of Pain:
Channels: TRPA1, TRPV1, TRPV3.
Channels: SCN10A, SCN11A, SCN3A, SCN9A, SLC6A2.
Channels: KCNIP3, KCNJ6, KCNQ2, KCNQ3.
Receptors: ADORA1, P2RX3, P2RX4, P2RX7, P2RY1.
Receptors: OPRD1, OPRK1, OPRM1.
Receptors: CNR1, CNR2.
Receptors: GRIN1, GRIN2B, GRM1, GRM5.
Receptors: HTR1A, HTR2A.
of Pain Responses:
Metabolism: PLA2G1B, PTGER1, PTGER3, PTGER4, PTGES,
PTGES2, PTGES3, PTGS1, PTGS2.
ACE, ALOX5, BDKRB1, CALCA, CCK, CCKBR, CCL2, CCR2, CD200, CD4, CHRNA4,
CSF1, CX3CR1, DBH, EDN1, EDNRA, FAAH, GCH1, IL10, IL18, IL1A, IL1B,
IL2, IL6, ITGAM, ITGB2, MAPK1, MAPK14, MAPK3, MAPK8, PENK, PNOC, PROK2,
TAC1, TACR1, TLR2, TLR4, TNF.
ADRB2, COMT, DBH, MAOB, PDYN, PENK, PNOC.
BDNF, GDNF, NGF, NTRK1.
Source References Modify this Array
"If you have access to a real-time PCR
instrument, you can use PCR Arrays"
Profiler™ PCR Arrays are the most reliable and sensitive gene
expression profiling technology for analyzing a panel of genes in
signal transduction pathways, biological process or disease related
gene networks. The PCR Arrays can be used for research on cancer,
immunology, stem cells, toxicology, biomarker discovery and validation,
and phenotypic analysis of cells and transgenic animals. See the complete
list of PCR Arrays.
You can use any 96-well or 384-well
real-time PCR instrument. See
instrument-specific setup instructions. Click below for
How it Works
The PCR array is a set of optimized
real-time PCR primer assays on 96-well or
384-well plates for pathway or disease focused genes as well as
quality controls. The PCR array performs gene expression analysis with
sensitivity and the multi-gene profiling capability of a microarray.
your cDNA template with the appropriate ready-to-use PCR master mix,
equal volumes to each well of the same plate, and then run the
cycling program. (Download
||How PCR Arrays Work - Protocol Chart
What it offers?
Performance* - ready-to-use for gene
Time and cost saving
- less than 30 min hands-on
time for analyzing 84 genes
data analysis using our easy-to-use Excel-based
data analysis template or web-based analysis tool
Layout and Controls: The
PCR Arrays are available in both 96- and
384-well plates and are used to monitor the expression of 84 genes
related to a
disease state or pathway plus five housekeeping genes. Controls
are also included on each array for genomic DNA contamination, RNA
general PCR performance
You can easily perform a PCR Array
experiment in your own laboratory, or send
your samples to us and take advantage of our PCR
*: when using complete PCR array
The complete PCR Array System yields a greater-than 85 percent present
as little as 25 ng as much as 5 µg of total RNA from a pathway
genes expressed at a lower level (inflammatory cytokines and
||PCR Arrays Let You See More Genes with
Different amounts of universal total RNA were characterized using the
Human Inflammatory Cytokines and Receptors PCR Array, and the
percentage of detectable genes was calculated for each RNA amount.
As little as 25 ng total RNA yields greater than an 80% positive call,
even for cytokines expressed at very low levels.
The complete PCR Array System demonstrates strong correlations across
replicates, lots, and instruments with average correlation coefficients
0.99 insuring reliable detection of differences in expression between
||PCR Arrays Yield Highly Reproducible
Four replicate sets of raw threshold data (1-4) obtained by two
different scientists (A & B) at two different times (050825
& 060111) on Human Drug Metabolism RT˛ Profiler PCR Arrays are
directly compared. The results demonstrate a high degree of correlation
(R2 > 0.990).
The complete PCR Array System, with high quality input RNA, is
yield single bands of the predicted size without primer dimers or other
secondary products thus providing the most accurate real-time PCR
||PCR Arrays Amplify A Single
Gene-Specific Product in Every Reaction.
Universal total RNA was characterized on the TGFβ / BMP Signaling
Pathway PCR Array, followed by dissociation (melt) curve analysis.
PCR Arrays specifically detect individual genes despite the expression
of related gene family members in the same RNA sample.
To ascertain the oncogenic route that two different human breast tumors
taken, the relative expression level of cancer- and adhesion-related
normal and two different cancerous tissues were compared.
Template cDNAs prepared from total RNA of
normal human breast and two human
breast tumors (BioChain Institute, Inc., 5.0 µg) were characterized in
technical triplicates using the Human Cancer PathwayFinder™ PCR Array
and the Human Extracellular Matrix & Adhesion Molecule PCR
Array with the RT˛ SYBR Green / Fluorescein PCR master mix on the
||ECM & Adhesion PCR Arrays
Revealed Up- and Down-Regulated Genes in Breast Cancer
Total RNA from normal human breast and a human breast tumor were
characterized in technical triplicates, and the relative expression
levels for each gene in the two samples are plotted against each other
in the Scatter Plot.
Genes encoding the matrix metallopeptidases (MMP3 & MMP9) and
their inhibitors (TIMP3) are up-regulated, while genes encoding
integrins (ITGB3 & ITGB4) are down-regulated, by at least
three-fold (outside the silver field) in breast tumors relative to
Rezulin (Troglitazone or "Tro" or "T"), a
PPAR-gamma agonist, was approved for treatment of type 2 diabetes
mellitus, but was
withdrawn from the market due to idiosyncratic liver toxicity. Two
drugs, Avandia (Rosiglitazone or "Rosi" or "R") and Actos (Pioglitazone
or "Pio" or "P"), are considered to be safe treatments for
the same condition. The expression profile of key drug metabolism genes
be different in cells treated with Rezulin versus those treated with
Hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells were
treated at 80% cell confluence with
these three drugs (100 µM, Cayman Chemical) or a DMSO vehicle control
for 24 h.
RNA isolated using the ArrayGrade™ Total RNA Isolation Kit was used to
characterize gene expression with the Human Drug Metabolism and
Stress & Toxicity PathwayFinder™ RT˛ Profiler™ PCR Arrays and
RT˛ SYBR Green / Fluorescein PCR master mix on the Bio-Rad iCycler®.
||Stress & Toxicity
PathwayFinder™ PCR Array Uncovered Idiosyncratic Mechanisms of Action
for Liver Toxicity Caused by 3 PPARγ Agonists.
RNA from HepG2 cells treated with three different glitazone PPARγ
agonists for type 2 diabetes mellitus was characterized, and the
results were compared to that of a vehicle (DMSO) control.
A withdrawn drug with idiosyncratic liver toxicity (Rezulin) induces
very different changes in the expression of stress-related genes than
two safer drugs still on the market (Avandia and Actos).
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The complete RT˛ Profiler™ PCR Array
System insures that you will get good results from your pathway-focused
gene expression analysis experiment the first time, and every time
The Complete RT˛ Profiler™ PCR Array
Our convenient and high-quality
real-time RT-PCR accessory products complete the RT˛ Profiler™ PCR
Array System and the RT˛ PCR Primer Assays. The other components needed
for real-time PCR analysis are SYBR Green PCR master mix, first strand
synthesis kit, and an optional RNA QC array.
Other recommended accessory products
RT˛ RNA QC PCR Array
Tests for RNA Quality and Inhibitors of RT-PCR Analyses, optional
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